A table saw also referred to as a saw bench is the type of wood machine that is designed with a round cutting blade and mounted on another tool called to an arbor. What a table saw is usually powered by electricity, and it is more potent as compared to the traditional saws since it can cut a chunk of woods that measures even about 3 inches thick. Note that the cutting of the saw is usually influenced by how one moves the blade and the arbor.
How to use a table saw
Apart from learning how to use a table saw, safety is very crucial when it comes to using a table saw and therefore the following are safe ways to use a table saw.
Requirements for safety
- Wear protective gears.
The first step requires you to wear protective gears so you can be able to focus and make accurate cuttings. It is essential to protect your sensory organs from getting damaged when using the saw. For example, ear protector is crucial to keep your ears safe from the loud sounds that come from the saw while using it and also wearing protective eyeglasses keeps your eyes safe from anything getting in while working. The wood residuals may pop up when cutting the wood and hence to prevent them from getting in your eyes, use the protective eyeglasses.
- Have a push wood or splitter.
Sometimes you may be required to cut small woods or thins chunk of woods. And to protect your hands or fingers from getting cut by the machine, it is advisable that you use a wood splitter or pusher to control the movement of the wood being cut. Note that the wood pushers are sold separately with the device although you can access them from various hardware outlets. Some are adjustable such that you only get to buy one pusher.
- Have a clearance inserts.
A clearance insert is a device that is fixed between the blade and the side part of the wood also known as a fence when cutting. A clearance insert is used in place of your fingers in controlling the movement of the wood when cutting. It is safe since you will not worry about cutting your fingers and works best when used with a pusher device.
Avoid wearing loose sleeved clothes.
You are supposed to avoid any disruptions as much as possible hence the need to wear fitting clothes on the sleeves. Loose sleeved garments can cause an accident since they are easy to get trapped in the saw.
- Mark the emergency button.
Table saws are designed with an emergency button which allows one to immediately stop the process of cutting in case you notice it is not being done well or if you accidentally cut yourself. Therefore, before you even fix the device, make sure that the device has the emergency button and mark its location.
- Read the user manual
This is important for the beginners. Always make sure that you read the manual instructions on how to operate the device. The manual has all the details related to how to fix the tool, how to cut using it and also what to d in case it stops working.
Step by step Guideline on using a table Saw (Ripping The Board)
Adjust the blade
To get the best cutting, you need to make sure that the blade is well adjusted and of the right height to reach the chunk of the wood. The adjustment of the edge is influenced by the size of the wood. Always make sure that the blade of the saw is about 25 inches higher than the size of the board.Still, make sure that all the parts of the edge are present for safe cutting of the wood. These arts include the blade guard that helps in keeping the bade in a standard position and prevented the debris from reaching your face. Another excellent blade device that you must have is the splitter that is essential for maintaining the board in one position. It is always advisable that you refer from the user manual regarding the different steps to follow when fixing these parts of the saw.
Adjust the width of the wood you want to cut
This is important if you want to have an accurate cut of the wood’s fence. Using a tape measure, measure the distance that you want to cut from the saw blade towards the end of the fence. The saw blade is usually equipped with handles that enable one to move the wood either to the left or right side when cutting. So, ensure that you run the fence according to the distance that you want to cut. Always measure about 2 inches extra when cutting the fence of the wood. Also to ensure that the board does not bounce when cutting, you can secure it using the blade guards.
Hold the wood against the fence
Hold the wood firmly using your hand and thumb between the fence and the saw blade. This is important to ensure that the wood is carefully set on the saw table and to prevent the board from moving while you are cutting. Also, ensure that you hold the wood thoroughly to prevent yourself from getting hurt by the table saw.Focus on making sure that the edge of the wood is in direct contact with the with the edge of the fence as you push it through the bade. You can use a tape measure or a straight ruler to see if the two are aligned together.
Before you lower the saw guard, make sure the board is pushed past the blade to offer a good cut starting point. In areas where the board has stuck near the blade, use a push stick to push it past the edge to keep your fingers safe. If a push stick is not working for you or if you want an easy to use the device, consider purchasing a push shoe. A push shoe is a tool that is used for passing the wood through the blade for the safety of your hands, and it works quickly to some carpenters as compared to a push stick.
Lower the plastic blade guard and turn on the machine
After setting the wood firmly on the table, gently lower the saw blade guard to secure yourself from getting hit by the wood debris while cutting the wood. The plastic guard also ensures that the board is firmly held on the table for smooth cutting. Then turn on the saw ready to cut. Before you begin cutting the wood, make sure that you have worn your protective gears for safety purposes. For beginners, you can try out the cutting process with a simple wood board until you master how to cut the board professionally.
Push the wood board through the blade
Then after turning on the machine, push the wood gently through the blade for cutting. Ensure you do it slowly and gently to avoid making inaccurate cuts. Ensure that the board’s fence is in the right position as it is one of the parts that you use to see if you are making the accurate cuts or not. Always use push device when pushing the board to avoid injuring your fingers. In case you divert from the right cutting edge, turn off the device using the emergency button and rearrange the wood for accurate cutting. Also, in case you are using a longer board that goes beyond the table saw, ensure that you support the surplus parts using a table and provide the table is of the same size the saws. If the workshop has ample space, you can build a size able permanent table for these purposes.
Things to keep in mind when using a table saw
- Always make sure that you are working with a well-aligned piece of wood for comfortable working and accurate cutting. Avoid using crocked woods.
- Never put your hand or fingers close to the blade as chances of getting cut are quite slim and hence use a push device to move the wood while cutting.
- Always ensure the edge is sharp too. Working with a straight wood and a sharp edge will make your cuts to be smooth and precise also. But if you don’t want the crocked woods to go to waste, there are various methods and tools that you can use to straighten it.
If you are planning to start woodwork, follow the above step by step on how to work with the device. Also, use the above buying guide to help you select the best, and most convenient table saw to use. You can as well seek help from a professional woodcutter to guide you on how to operate the device if you are a beginner. Always ensure the saw blade is sharp since the state of the saw determines the outcome of your cuts. So the more definite the edge is the best cutting results you will get.